History of Coffee

Coffee can trace its heritage back to ancient coffee forest on Ethiopian Plateau. Goat Herder Kaldi discovered coffee after his goat eating certain berry of a tree and they became very energetic that they did not want to sleep.
Kaldi report his finding to Abbot of local monestary who make a drink with the berries and found that it kept him alert through the day. The abbot shared his discovery to other monks and knowledge of energizing berries began to spread.

As words moved east and reach Arabian Peninsula, it began a journey to bring these beans across the world.

The Arabian Peninsula
Coffee Cultivation and trade begin on Arabian Peninsula, by 15th century, coffee is being grown in Yementi district of Arabia, and by 16th century, it was known in Persia, Eygpt, Syria, and Turkey

Coffee Comes to Europe
European travelers to the Near East brought back stories of that unusual dark black beverage. By 17th century, coffee had make its way to Europe and was becoming popular.
Some people react to this new beverage with suspicion of fear, calling it bitter invention of Santan. Despite such controversy, coffee houses were quickly becoming the centers of social activities and communication in major cities. Coffee began to replace the common breakfast drink and beverages.

The New World
In the mid 1600s, coffee was brought to New Amsterdam, later called New York.
Tea continued to be the flavored drink in the New World until 1773, where heavy tax on tea imposed by King George III. Boston Tea Party revolution changed American drinking preference to coffee.

Plantations Around the World
As demand for the beverage increases, there was demands to cultivate coffee outside of Arabia.

The Dutch got seedlings in later half of 17th century and successful plant in Batavia, on the island of Java in what is now known as Indonesia. They then expanded the cultivation of coffee trees to islands of Sumatra.

Coming to the Americas
In 1714, the Mayor of Amsterdam presented a gift of a young coffee plant to King Louis XIV of France. The king ordered it to be planted in Royal Botanical Garden in Paris. In 1723, a young naval officer Gabriel de Clieu obtained a seedling from the king plant and transported it to Martinique. This seedling is the parent of all coffee trees throughout Caribbean, South and Central America.

The famed Brazilian coffee owes its existence to Francisco de Mello Palheta, who was sent by the emperor to French Guiana to get coffee seedlings. The french was not willing to share, but French governor wife, who loves his look, gave him a large bouquet of flowers with many coffee seeds. Missionaries and travelers, traders, colonists continued to carry coffee seeds to new land.

Reference: https://www.ncausa.org/about-coffee/history-of-coffee

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